Arabic: (Video) The Ayoub Sisters – Tamally Maak & Nour El Ein (Amr Diab Cover) (2016)

Sarah and Laura Ayoub perform their arrangement of Amr Diab’s ‘Tamally Maak’ & ‘Nour El Ein’. They are joined by Giulio Romano Malaisi (guitar) & Daniele Antenucci (percussion) in the atmospheric setting of Cafe Momo, London.

Since making their Royal Albert Hall debut in 2016, Scottish – Egyptian sisters Sarah and Laura Ayoub have had a meteoric start to their career. Discovered by Mark Ronson and now signed to Decca Records in partnership with Classic FM; the multi-instrumentalist sisters recorded their debut album with the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra in the world-renowned Abbey Road Studios. Their album debuted at No.1 in the Official Classical Artist Albums Chart.

The duo have performed across the UK, Europe, Middle East and Asia with highlights including appearances at the Royal Albert Hall, Royal Festival Hall, London Palladium, The Embassy of Egypt, The Cairo Opera House, touring with choirmaster Gareth Malone and a record-breaking debut in China of 13 performances in 4 days. More on their official website.

Original versions of the songs by Amr Diab:

Tamally Maak, also often Tamally Ma’ak is an international Arabic language song by the Egyptian pop star Amr Diab in 2000 from his album of the same name.

“Tamally Maak”, meaning “Always with you”, is written by Ahmed Ali Moussa and the music for the song was composed by Sherif Tag. Original arrangement was by Tarek Madkour. The very popular video was filmed in Czech Republic and the instrumentation prominently included the classic guitar. (Source: Wikipedia)

Nour El Ain (Light of The Eye) is Egyptian singer Amr Diab’s most successful album. It was released in 1996 and became a tremendous success not only in the Middle East but worldwide. The title track and its English version “Habibi”, was an international phenomenon, becoming a crossover hit in Pakistan, India, Brazil, Iran, Afghanistan, Argentina, Chile, France, and South Africa. The song was remixed by several European arrangers and has become a big pull on the dance floors of Europe. The video clip, also produced by Alam El Phan for the song “Nour El Ain”, was one of the most lavish and expensive productions in Egyptian pop music at the time. “Nour El Ain” was at the time the best selling album ever released by an Arabic artist. (Source: Wikipedia)

Article: What could ‘hurdy gurdy’ and medieval era have in common?

Well, even though hurdy-gurdy sounds more like a high-school nickname 🙂 is actually a medieval musical instrument. Below some things worth being mentioned:

The hurdy-gurdy first appeared in the late Medieval era and gained popularity during the Renaissance, a time period from 1450 – 1600 A.D. It was during this era that the instrument evolved into a standard form. Many of the hurdy-gurdy’s features have Middle Eastern roots, including the drone strings and the buzzing sound, both of which were probably brought back from the Middle East during the Crusades and through east-west trade routes.

 

As the Renaissance gave way to the Baroque era, popular musical tastes started to change, and the hurdy-gurdy was unable to keep up with the new preferred styles. It became associated with lower classes and peasants, but enjoyed a more wide-spread comeback of sorts during the 18th century, which helped to spread the instrument throughout Central and Eastern Europe.

ugears_hurdy_gurdy_kit_3
Source: urgearsmodels.com

In the western world today, the hurdy-gurdy is mostly viewed as a Renaissance artifact, but it still occasionally appears on the pop scene. Bands like Arcade Fire, Led Zeppelin, and Weezer have used the hurdy-gurdy, and the instrument also had a brief cameo in the popular 2004 children’s film The Polar Express. Much more information you can find on Study’s article.

According to the Oxford English Dictionary, the mid 18th century origin of the term hurdy-gurdy is onomatopoeic in origin, after the repetitive warble in pitch that characterizes instruments with solid wooden wheels that have warped due to changes in humidity or after the sound of the buzzing-bridge. Alternately, the term is thought to come from the Scottish and northern English term for uproar or disorder, hirdy-girdyor from hurly-burly, an old English term for noise or commotion. The instrument is sometimes more descriptively called a wheel fiddle in English, but this term is rarely used among players of the instrument. Another possible derivation is from the Hungarian “hegedűs” (Slovenian variant “hrgadus”) meaning a fiddle. (Wikipedia)

Arabic Music: (Video) Faran Ensemble – Dune (2012)

The Faran Ensemble was formed in 2009 by three musicians sharing similar musical vibes and values, who decided to embark together on a spiritual quest. Their journey, expressed in music and sound, reflects the beauty of nature, traveling through different landscapes, from the clean and quiet desert to luscious green hills, sometimes even passing through the hectic noise of the city.

Faran, is a dry desert wadi, which fills with water and life only in rainy winters; and in the hot season, otherwise silent. It crosses Israel on its way from Sinai, ignoring all borders.

The instruments played originate from esoteric and ancient traditions of the East.

  • KAMANTCHE (Roy Smila) is an ancient musical instrument whose origins are rooted in Azerbaijan.
  • OUD (Gad Tidhar), one of the most ancient string instruments, is found anywhere it is customary to have very strong and dark tea in a small cup. (other OUD composition you can find here).
  • The PERCUSSION (Refael Ben-Zichry) which have been in use since the first human heartbeat.

The composed works reflect all of these as they were composed together by the four ensemble members. Both the composition-works and the musicians are deeply influenced by the Eastern musical system called ‘Maqam‘ .

Maqam in translation means all at once a physical place in the musical scale, the fingers’ placing on the strings and the melody which expresses this. But more than that, ‘Maqam’ refers to a meditative place. A state that the player must be attended so the music will be played as it should be. In ancient cultures each Maqam has its own particular hour in the day, season and a specific ceremonial connection. (Youtube Description)

Medieval: (Video) FAUN – Federkleid (Feather Dress) (2016)

FAUN is one of the world’s leading bands in the fusion of old sounds, medieval, Celtic and Nordic folk with modern music and have now released 9 studio CDs and 2 DVDs. FAUN were nominated three times for the “Echo”, (Germany’s largest music award). Their CD “Von den Elben” has reached platinum status and was four weeks at number 7 in the German album charts. The CD “LUNA” reached number 4 on the German album charts and held a gold status.

FAUN’s latest release “MIDGARD” managed the German album charts at number 3. FAUN has played so far more than 900 concerts around the world and is touring with different shows, like e.g. seated concerts for theaters and classical venues, (FAUN ACOUSTIC) but also with a powerful festival set, with big drums and a mesmerizing light show for big festivals and events.

For lyrics translation to english you can check here.

What FAUN means? 🙂

FaunMythThe faun (Latin: faunus, Ancient Greek: φαῦνος, phaunos, pronounced [pʰaunos]) is a mythological half human–half goat creature.

The goat man, more commonly affiliated with the Satyrs of Greek mythology or Fauns of Roman, is a bipedal creature with the legs of a goat and the torso of a man and is often depicted with goat’s horns.

These creatures in turn borrowed their appearance from the god Pan of the Greek pantheon. They were a symbol of fertility, and their chieftain was Silenus, a minor deity of Greek mythology. (Wikipedia)

But Midgard?

Midgard, also spelled Midgardr (Old Norse: Middle Abode), also called Manna-Heim (“Home of Man”), in Norse mythology (Germanic religion and mythology), the Middle Earth, the abode of mankind, made from the body of the first created being, the giant Aurgelmir (Ymir). According to legend, the gods killed Aurgelmir, rolled his body into the central void of the universe, and began fashioning the Midgard.

Aurgelmir’s flesh became the land, his blood the oceans, his bones the mountains, his teeth the cliffs, his hair the trees, and his brains (blown over the earth) became the clouds. Aurgelmir’s skull was held up by four dwarfs, Nordri, Sudri, Austri, and Vestri (the four points of the compass), and became the dome of the heavens. The sun, moon, and stars were made of scattered sparks that were caught in the skull.

Midgard is situated halfway between Niflheim on the north, the land of ice, and Muspelheim to the south, the region of fire. Midgard is joined with Asgard, the abode of the deities, by Bifrost, the rainbow bridge. (Encyclopedia Britannica)

Documentary: (Video) The Magic of Making Sound | That’s Amazing (2017)

In Hollywood, everything is magic and make-believe, even sounds. When you watch a film that immerses you completely in its world, you’re probably hearing the work of sound artists. If the work is done right, you won’t be able to tell that the “natural” sounds on screen are manufactured with studio props. That’s the challenge for Warner Bros. Foley artists Alyson Moore, Chris Moriana and mixer Mary Jo Lang. Theirs is a practice in recreation, one creative element at a time.

Epic Music: (Video) Tina Guo – The Rains of Castamere (Cello & Erhu Cover) (‘Game of Thrones’ Soundtrack) (2014)

The Rains of Castamere” is a song appearing in the A Song of Ice and Fire novels and in the television series adaptation Game of Thrones. The song’s lyrics were written by George R. R. Martin in the original novel, and the tune was composed by Ramin Djawadi in 2011, upon request from the series creators David Benioff and D. B. Weiss. The song appears multiple times throughout the books and show.

Tina’s version is played on Cello and the traditional Chinese Erhu.

erhu instrument chinesseThe erhu is one of the most important Chinese instruments, with a history of over 4,000 years. Though it has only two strings, it can convey a wide range of emotions.

While the erhu has been called the “Chinese violin,” it differs from the western instrument in many ways. First, it is played vertically, often resting on the musician’s lap. It has no fingerboard, so the player’s fingers must hold and vibrate the strings by pressing only against the strings themselves. The erhu bow is already fixed between the two strings, and the bow hair is either pushed forward or backward to catch a string (more here).

The Rains of Castamere immortalized the destruction of House Reyne by Tywin Lannister. House Reyne was obliterated after they rebelled against their liege lord, Tytos Lannister, who was perceived as weak by his own vassals. To restore Lannister dominance, Tytos’s son, Tywin, marched against the upstart Lord Reyne. By the end of the rebellion, Castamere had been put to the torch and all members of House Reyne executed. The title is thus a play on words, as the “rains” fall over the empty halls of the “Reynes” who have been killed to the last man (more here).

(Video) John Williams – Asturias (Isaac Albéniz)

Interpreter (Wikipedia):

John Christopher Williams (born 24 April 1941) is an Australian virtuosic classical guitarist renowned for his ensemble playing as well as his interpretation and promotion of the modern classical guitar repertoire. In 1973, he shared a Grammy Award in the Best Chamber Music Performance category with fellow guitarist Julian Bream for Julian and John (Works by Lawes, Carulli, Albéniz, Granados). Guitar historian Graham Wade has said: “John is perhaps the most technically accomplished guitarist the world has seen.”

Song (Encyclopedia Britannica):

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Asturias, original title Preludio, or Prélude, also called Asturias-Leyenda and Leyenda, solo piano piece written in the early 1890s by Catalan composer and pianist Isaac Albéniz, using rolled chords that effectively evoke the strumming of a guitar. In fact, the version usually played is a transcription of the original piano piece for guitar. Despite being called Asturias—which is the name of a northern region of Spain—the piece powerfully evokes the distinctive flamenco, or gypsy, music of Andalusia, the southernmost region of the country.

 

Asturias is Albéniz’s most frequently performed work. Written while he was living outside his homeland, it was intended to conjure the Alhambra, the palace and fortress of the Moorish monarchs of Granada. The composition has two main melodies. First comes a determined, driving theme that builds in energy. A more melancholy middle section follows. After the contemplative middle section, the opening melody returns and brings the piece to its conclusion.

The piece was originally published in 1892 as the opening section (Preludio) to a three-movement suite called Chants d’Espagne, which was expanded and republished in five movements in 1897. A slightly changed version, “Asturias-Leyenda,” was published in 1911 as the second movement of a nine-part suite.

Instrument:

For the origin of the word ‘guitar’, there are several references to the ancient Sanskrit word for “string” – “tar”(this is the language from which the languages of central Asia and northern India developed) or Spanish word guitarra in the 1600s, from which was further adopted as English word guitar, the German Gitarre, and the French guitare.

The classical guitar (also known as concert guitar, classical acoustic, nylon-string guitar, or Spanish guitar) is the member of the guitar family used in classical music. It is an acoustical wooden guitar with strings made of nylon, rather than the metal strings used in acoustic and electric guitars. The traditional classical guitar has twelve frets clear of the body and is held on the left leg, so that the hand that plucks or strums the strings does so near the back of the sound-hole (this is called the classical position). The modern steel string guitar, on the other hand, usually has fourteen frets clear of the body and is commonly played off the hip.

More information can be found at: Britannica, Wikipedia Guitar | Classical Guitar, GuyGuitars.

Crossover: (Video) André Rieu – The Lonely Shepherd (ft. Gheorghe Zamfir) (Live) (2017)

The Lonely Shepherd, also known as Einsamer Hirte or Der einsame Hirte in German or as El pastor solitario in Spanish, is an instrumental piece by James Last, first released in a recording with the Romanian panflutist Gheorghe Zamfir.

Orchestra:

André Rieu is quite simply a musical phenomenon like no other, a true King of Romance, having sold a massive 40 million CDs and DVDs and notched 30 Nr. 1 chart positions worldwide. Along with his 60-piece Johann Strauss Orchestra (the largest private orchestra in the world), André has created a global revival in waltz music, staging spectacular extravaganzas which are second to none. Having received over 480 Platinum Awards, three Classical Brit Awards for “Album of the Year” and billions of Youtube views, André is one of the biggest solo male touring artists in the world. Each year his passionate live shows attract more than 600.000 fans and outsell mega artists such as Coldplay, AC/DC and Bruce Springsteen. More on Andre Rieu’s website.

Interpreter:

Gheorghe Zamfir is a Romanian artist, musician and virtuoso of the  pan flute, nicknamed the King of Pan flute. Finding his way of expression through a millennial tool, he succeeds  to conquer the applause of the entire Planet. He is the first Romanian artist who sang in a private mesa of Pope  John Paul II, in 1988. He sold over hundreds of million of records, all over the world, and  he has over 185 recorded albums, a record that has not been  touched by any Romanian artist so far. It is the only Romanian Artist who won two golden discs in USA, and a gold disc in Hungary.

Composer:

James Last (born Hans Last; 17 April 1929 – 9 June 2015), also known as Hansi, was a German composer and big band leader of the James Last Orchestra. Initially a jazz bassist (Last won the award for “best bassist” in Germany in each of the years 1950–1952), his trademark “happy music” made his numerous albums best-sellers in Germany and the United Kingdom, with 65 of his albums reaching the charts in the UK alone. His composition “Happy Heart” became an international success in interpretations by Andy Williams and Petula Clark. (Wikipedia)

(Video) Nunatak – Romper el Cielo (Break the Sky) (Lyrics) (2017)

Among other things, what ‘nunatak’ means? 🙂 According to Encyclopedia Britannica:

Nunatak, isolated mountain peak that once projected through a continental ice sheet or an Alpine-type ice cap. Because they usually occur near the margin of an ice sheet, nunataks were thought to be glacial refuges for vegetation and centres for subsequent reoccupation of the land. Later studies revealed the existence of more likely areas of refuge and the fact that postglacial weathering may destroy glacial evidence on peaks. Thus, identification of a true nunatak is difficult, and such peaks often cannot be used to determine former ice thicknesses.

Nunatak Definition

Crossover: (Video) William Joseph & Caroline Campbell – Miserlou (Cover) (ft. Tina Guo) (2016)

Classical crossover violinist Caroline Campbell and pop pianist/composer William Joseph give the exotic Miserlou a dare devilish twist, featuring rock cellist Tina Guo. The trio exclusively debuts Yamaha’s newest electric violin, the YEV, and also features Yamaha’s legendary C7 grand piano and Tina’s custom Yamaha electric cello. (YouTube Video description)

About ‘Misirlou’, later known as ‘Miserlou’:

Misirlou” (Greek: Μισιρλού< Turkish: Mısırlı ‘Egyptian’ < Arabic: مصر‎‎ Miṣr ‘Egypt’) is a traditional song from the Eastern Mediterranean region. The earliest known recording of the song is a 1927 Greek rebetiko / tsifteteli composition influenced by Middle-Eastern music. There are also traditional Arabic (belly dancing), Armenian, Persian and Turkish versions of the song. This song was very popular from the 1920s in the Greek and Armenian communities formed from former Ottoman citizens who had settled in the United States of America.

The song was a hit in 1946 for Jan August, an American pianist and xylophonist nicknamed “the one man piano duet.” It gained worldwide popularity through Dick Dale’s 1962 American surf rock version, originally titled “Miserlou“, which popularized the song in Western popular culture. Various versions have since been recorded, including other surf and rock versions by bands such as The Beach Boys, The Ventures, and Consider the Source as well as international orchestral easy listening (exotica) versions by musicians such as Martin Denny and Arthur Lyman.

Dale’s surf rock version later gained renewed popularity through its use in the 1994 Quentin Tarantino film Pulp Fiction and again through its sampling in The Black Eyed Peas song “Pump It” (2006) and Mad Men: “The Jet Set” (2008). A cover of Dale’s surf rock version was included on the Guitar Hero II video game released in 2006. (Source: Wikipedia)

Original greek version (1927):

Dick Dale’s version made popular as ‘Miserlou’ (1964):

‘Pulp Fiction’ movie version (1994):

Black Eyed Peas’s version, known as ‘Pump It’ (2006):

About ‘Pulp Fiction’ (1994):

Jules Winnfield (Samuel L. Jackson) and Vincent Vega (John Travolta) are two hit men who are out to retrieve a suitcase stolen from their employer, mob boss Marsellus Wallace (Ving Rhames). Wallace has also asked Vincent to take his wife Mia (Uma Thurman) out a few days later when Wallace himself will be out of town. Butch Coolidge (Bruce Willis) is an aging boxer who is paid by Wallace to lose his fight. The lives of these seemingly unrelated people are woven together comprising of a series of funny, bizarre and uncalled-for incidents. Written by Soumitra.

IMDB Score: 8.9

Trailer and More on IMDB.comm

(Video) Jane Zhang – Dance Diva (Soundtrack ‘The Fifth Element’) (Live) (2015)

Here you have a video where Jane trains herself for ‘Dance Dive’ song:

The song was originally sang by soprano Inva Mula, with the help of computer tuning for the pitch changes, which are too fast for a human voice:

The Fifth Element (French: Le Cinquième Élément) is a 1997 English-language French science-fiction action film directed and co-written by Luc Besson. It stars Bruce Willis, Gary Oldman and Milla Jovovich. Primarily set in the 23rd century, the film’s central plot involves the survival of planet Earth, which becomes the responsibility of Korben Dallas (Willis), a taxicab driver and former special forces major, after a young woman (Jovovich) falls into his cab. Dallas joins forces with her to recover four mystical stones essential for the defence of Earth against an impending attack.

(Video) TED Talks: Itay Talgam – Lead like the great conductors (2009)

An orchestra conductor faces the ultimate leadership challenge: creating perfect harmony without saying a word. In this charming talk, Itay Talgam demonstrates the unique styles of six great 20th-century conductors, illustrating crucial lessons for all leaders. (Source: TED.com)

*Choose your language (33 available).

Itay Talgam – Conductor and leadership expert

After a decade-long conducting career in his native Israel, Itay Talgam has reinvented himself as a “conductor of people” — in government, academia, business and education. He is the author of The Ignorant Maestro. (Source: TED.com)

(Video) André Rieu – And The Waltz Goes On (by Sir Anthony Hopkins) (2013)

And the Waltz Goes On is a studio album by Dutch violinist André Rieu which features Christchurch soprano Hayley Westenra on the last track, “Dreaming of New Zealand”. The album was released worldwide on 31 October 2011. It presents waltzes from around the world, including a “Valse Triste” (sad waltz) from Finland, a miniature waltz “La petite Valse” from France, a popular waltz tune that began life in Germany.

The album is centered on a waltz composed by Welsh actor Anthony Hopkins. The waltz, called “And the Waltz Goes On” was composed by Hopkins in 1964. A fan of the Dutch violinist, Hopkins’s wife sent his waltz to Rieu for consideration.

Inspired by New Zealand’s stunning landscape and the ‘life must go on’ attitude of its people in the face of the recent natural disasters, André composed a dreamy waltz together with his first violinist Frank Steijns entitled “Dreaming of New Zealand”. The album includes both an instrumental version and one with English and Māori lyrics. More on Wikipedia.

(Videos) ‘Despacito’ Covers: Luis Grazziatto (Saxphone) | 2CELLOS (Cello) (2017)

Luis Grazziatto

A saxophone is a single reed, woodwind instrument first developed in the mid-1800s by Adolphe Sax. It is composed of a mouthpiece, conical metal tube, and finger keys. Sound is produced when air is blown through the instrument causing the reed to vibrate. This sound is amplified as it travels through the instrument’s main body. Saxophones consist of numerous parts and pieces which are made separately and then assembled. More on www.encyclopedia.com.

2CELLOS

The violoncello (or cello) is the lowest-sounding member of the violin family. It is part of the standard orchestra and is the bass voice of the string quartet, as well as being part of many other chamber groups. The violoncello is capable of covering nearly the entire range of pitches produced by the human voice, from the soprano to the alto of an adult choir. More on www.mq.edu.au.

More about Luis Fonsi, the singer of the original version of ‘Despacito’ plus the official video of the song here.

Listen to a violin cover here.

(Video) Goran Bregovic – Three Letters From Sarajevo (Trailer 1) (2017)

Born in Sarajevo of a Serbian mother and a Croatian father.  After a few years of music studies at the conservatory (violin), Goran forms his first group “The White Button” at the age of sixteen.  Composer and guitar player

“I chose the guitar because guitar players always have most success with girls”,

he admits his immoderate love for rock n’roll.

 “In those times, Rock had a capital role in our lives.  It was the only way we could make our voice heard, and publicly express our discontent without risking jail (or just about)…”

Coming from the same background, the same generation, survivors of the same experiences, Goran BREGOVIC and Emir KUSTURICA formed a tandem which didn’t need words to communicate.  After “Times of the Gypsies” Goran had a free hand to compose the original soundtrack for “Arizona Dream”.  The music lives up to the film – poetical, original and incredibly enhancing.

 “One of the great things about Emir’s movies is that they show life exactly as it is – full of holes, hesitations and unexpected events.  It’s this imperfect, unorganised side that I wanted to preserve above all. Even the songs recorded with Iggy are very under-produced.  There’s just his voice and behind it a gypsy-orchestra blowing into old pre-war trumpets and cow’s horns.  It’s really very simple.” More on www.goranbregovic.rs

Indian: (Video) anna RF – Tum Hi Ho (ft. Naadistan) (Instrumental – “Aashiqui2” Soundtrack) (2014)

Instruments used:

Saxophone, Bass, Guitar and

Kamancha

Also known as kamānche or kamāncha (Persian: کمانچه‎‎, Azerbaijani: kamança), is an Iranian bowed string instrument, used also in Azerbaijani, Turkish, and Kurdish Music and related to the rebab, the historical ancestor of the kamancheh and also to the bowed Byzantine lyra, ancestor of the European violin family. The strings are played with a variable-tension bow: the word “kamancheh” means “little bow” in Persian (kæman, bow, and -cheh, diminutive). It is widely used in the classical music of Iran, Azerbaijan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan and Kurdistan Regions with slight variations in the structure of the instrument. More on www.wikipedia.com.

Lyra

The lyra is a three-stringed fiddle with a curved, pear-shaped body, cut along with the neck and the head from a single block of wood. The top has two sound holes (the ‘eyes’) shaped like half-moons. The lyra is played upright. The strings are not pressed onto the fingerboard, as with the violin, but from the side with the fingernails. Probably the lyra orginated in medieval Byzantium, from where it spread over a large part of Southeastern Europe.

Closely related fiddles with a living tradition are the  Calabrian lira, the Dalmatian lijerica, the Bulgarian gadulka and the kemençe of Ottoman art music. The lyra is also known in the Greek parts of Thracia and Maccedonia, and on some islands of the Aegean Sea. It is still particularly popular on the island of Karpathos. (see Instrument of the month of July 2012). More on www.mim.be.

Original version of the song by Arijit Singh:

Chinese Crossover: (Video) Smile Wang* – See You Again (Guzheng Cover) (2015)

*The real name of the artist could not be confirmed. The name used is the one displayed on the Youtube channel. If you have more information, please use the contact form.

The zheng or guzheng is the parent instrument of the Asian long zither family. Originally believed to have been invented during the Qin Dynasty (897-221 BC), and new evidence has shown that the zheng may even be older (in Mandarin the prefix “gu” means “antiquity”). In the first century AD, the zheng is described as a plucked half-tube wood zither with movable bridges, over which a number of strings are stretched, and in the 2nd century BC the zheng was described as having twelve silken strings and high narrow jade bridges. The modern zheng usually has 21 to 25 strings made of metal wound with nylon.

There have been many attempts to modernize the zheng by adding more strings, tuning devices, and pedals like those on the concert harp, but few of these “improvements” have taken hold. The zheng is traditionally tuned to a pentatonic scale, but many modern scales range from combinations of different pentatonic scales, to diatonic and semi-chromatic scales.

The performer uses the right hand to pluck the strings, with the left hand pressing the string on the left side of the bridge to produce vibrato, pitch alterations or slides. In contemporary practice, the left hand often joins the right hand to play a counter-melody. Experimental techniques can include bowed, hammering and preparing the strings. More on www.asza.com.

Guzheng.jpgOriginal version of the song of Wiz Khalifa and Charile Puth:

(Audio) Julio Iglesias – Quién Será (ft. Thalía) (Lyrics) (2017)

‘Quién Será’ was originally composed by Pablo Beltrán Ruiz and Luis Demetrio (Mexico) in 1953. The song was made popular by the english version, ‘Sway‘, of Dean Martin. Below you can listen the original version of the song recorded on vinyl and taken from ‘Al Sur De la Frontera’ (At the south of the border) album of Pablo Beltrán Ruiz and his orchestra.

The lyrics of the english version, ‘Sway’, were written by Norman Gimbel and recorded by Dean Martin in 1954:

Crossover: (Video) Ahmed Alshaiba – Cheap Thrills (Oud cover) (2016)

In the Arab origin, Oud is considered to be “the king of instruments”. It is assumed that the name al-oud is derived from the Arabic for “the wood” and came to Europe through North Africa. There will be nothing wrong to say that in Arab, the oud is considered to be the oldest musical instruments. In fact, it is the most central instrument in the Middle Eastern music tradition. Some others believe that it is the ancestor of the Pharaonic Egyptian Nefer, whereas, some others say that this instrument is the forebear of the ancient Persian barbat. Beside this, oud is also known as the ancestor of the European lute.

More about oud on www.arabinstruments.com.

Original version of ‘Cheap Thrills’ by Sia: